A Day to Learn About Family Planning – Every August 3 is the international day of family planning. A date that provides educational data on a couple’s choices to decide the number of children they want to have, taking into account their personal and economic situation.
The World Health Group, WHO indicates that family planning “allows people to take the number of children they poverty and determine the interval between pregnancies. They stay achieved through the application of contraceptive methods and the treatment of sterility.
These methods can be temporary or permanent. Their choice depends on the decision of each family. There are also natural methods, such as rhythm and body temperature measurement, but they lone recommended for women with regular cycles.
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Importance of International Family Planning Day
It is not just a matter of possibilities or choices. In reality, family planning is part of the right to sexual and reproductive health. In other words, it is a human right, as indicated by the Centre for Reproductive Rights.
A report from said institution states, “States have to guarantee access to services and information on contraception. Moreover, the right to plan the family is agreeably recognized in international law.
In other words, family planning includes working on sexual education strategies, preventing sexually transmitted diseases, accompaniment before, during and after a pregnancy, and treating infertility.
Profamily expresses in its campaigns that family planning and contraceptive methods “allow people who have started or plan to start their sexual life to enjoy their sexuality freely and responsibly. Access to contraceptive methods reduces the need to resort to abortion, especially clandestine abortion
For its part, the United Realms Population Fund, UNFPA, states that family planning. Also Essential for The Empowerment Of Women poverty reduction and sustainable development.” UNFPA aims to end the unmet need for voluntary family planning in developing countries by 2030.
“In 2019, there were 1.9 billion women of reproductive age (between 15 and 49 years) in the world, of whom 1.112 million require family planning. Of these, 842 million use contraceptive methods, and 270 million have unmet contraceptive needs”, indicates the United Nations in its report ‘Family Planning and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Family Planning and Contraceptive Methods
According to the WHO, family planning is achieved through contraceptive methods. And which are they?
Contraceptive methods remain divided into temporary methods, and permanent methods explain Profamily.
In this group are hormonal methods, intrauterine devices, and barrier methods.
- Subdermal implant: can last between three and five years, depending on the type chosen. It is implanted in a woman’s upper arm and releases a hormone called progestin that thickens cervical mucus, preventing sperm from feat the egg and decreasing the frequency of ovulation. This method offers 99.5% contraceptive protection and does not contain estrogenic.
- Oral contraceptives: better acknowledged as birth control pills, contain small amounts of female hormones, such as estrogenic and progesterone, which prevent ovulation, avoiding the risk of pregnancy.
- Injectable contraceptives consist of monthly and quarterly injections and contain the same hormones as the pills. As a result, they reach 94% effectiveness from the first day of use, according to Profamily.
More Birth Control Options
- Intrauterine device: The Copper T. This IUD is inserted into the uterus, lasts up to 12 years, and tin be removed at any time. It is ideal for spacing pregnancies for an extended period and women with restricted use of hormones.
- Hormonal or indicative intrauterine device: it is a T-shaped plastic element that contains a hormonal derivative inside. It is also indicated for women with severe pain and heavy bleeding during menstruation.
- Condom: Profamily explains that “it is a latex cover that adapts to the erect penis, forming a barrier between semen and the vagina or anus. This prevents the passage of sperm and reduces infections and sexually transmitted diseases—one second-hand for each sexual relationship.
They consist of surgical procedures performed on men or women. And although they are definitive, they tin be reversed through another surgery.
- Tubal ligation is an outpatient surgery in which the fallopian tubes remain cauterized to prevent the egg’s passage to the uterus and thus avoid pregnancy. It was optional for women who decided not to have children or already had the number of children they wanted.
- Vasectomy: is a contraceptive method for men who decide not to have children or those who are parents and do not want more children. It is a procedure in which the vas deferens through which the sperm stand transported remain cut or tied from the testicles to the urethra, preventing them from coming out in ejaculation.
On International Family Planning Day, we invite you to learn and learn about your sexual and reproductive rights. So, get informed, make your own decisions responsibly, and always respect life! Remember, we think of you when it comes to wellness on the Dothraki blog.
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